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Recycling IQ (Increased Quality) program underway

Because of the downturn in the global recycling market, there is a heightened emphasis on keeping our recycling clean and without contamination. Consequently, Arlington is embarking on a focused initiative to educate residents on better recycling habits.

town recycling logoThis fall, some Arlington residents will have returned home at the end of the day to find their recycling bins, barrels or carts unemptied, and with an “Oops tag” attached. Finding such a tag on your cart means that it is contaminated with nonrecyclables.

If residents find that their recycling was tagged, they should clean out all the nonrecyclables and fill it with clean and dry recyclables only.

JRM Hauling and Recycling will not be making a special trip back to pick up recycling that has been tagged, so residents will need to wait until their next regularly scheduled recycling day to have their recycling picked up.The program of tagging carts is called the “Recycling IQ Kit.” IQ stands for “Increased Quality.”

Grant funding

The Recycling IQ Kit program is funded through a $40,000 grant from the state Department of Environmental Protection.

The Recycling IQ Kit combines an aggressive campaign of education and direct feedback at the curbside. Included in the education efforts are a direct mail piece to all residents, newspaper ads, social media messaging, as well as banners at Town Hall and DPW.

Using grant funds, a team of workers will be working through late November to implement the curbside feedback program that targets more than 4,000 households, for eight weeks, on every recycling collection route in the town.Charlotte Milan, town recycling coordinator, explained the program: “As part of the Recycling IQ Kit program, we check over 800 recycling bins, barrels and carts on the daily routes.

“The only allowable materials in our curbside recycling are glass or plastic bottles and containers from the kitchen, bath or laundry, metal cans, cardboard or paper. If we find contaminating materials, such as a plastic bag, trash, clothing, food and liquids, takeout containers, hoses, Styrofoam, plastic strapping, electronics or anything else that isn't allowable in our program, we tag those recycling containers with an 'Oops' tag. 

"That will signal to JRM Hauling and Recycling not to pick up the recycling containers. 

"The tags instruct the residents to clean up the cart by getting rid of the offending material and then putting it out properly on their next recycling pick up day. The recycling team will be checking those same carts eight times over an 8-week period, allowing enough time for the behavior modification of recycling right to take effect.”

Plastic issue

The state Department of Environmental Protection is offering this grant to every city and town in Massachusetts because of the problem of “contamination,” which is a catch phrase to describe things that don’t belong in the recycling cart.  In Arlington, plastic bags and plastic wrap (such as beverage case wrapping) are the biggest problem.

When soft plastics like these arrive at the recycling sorting facility, the processing machinery operations become entangled. Regular shutdowns are common in order for employees to climb up the machinery and manually cut out of the twisted bags and wrap.

Food waste, foam takeout containers, and used napkins and paper towels are other common problems.  Clothing, construction debris, grass clippings, and even vacuum cleaners turn up in some recycling containers.The problem of contamination is even more problematic today than in the past because China, which takes over 35 percent of the U.S. recycling for further processing and remanufacturing, has set a policy of not accepting contaminated recycling.

“As a result, municipalities are scrambling to clean up the recycling so that it isn’t trashed and maintains its value," Milan wrote. "High contamination rates result in higher costs for cities and towns, when recycling should actually be saving cities and towns money.”

Arlington affected

The Town of Arlington is experiencing this exact situation, according to Mike Rademacher, director for the Arlington DPW.

"As Arlington prepares for our next trash, recycling and yard-waste collection contract, we want to ensure we get the most financially attractive contract for the town.

“Through education and outreach using the Recycling IQ Program, we hope to make sure our residents and businesses are recycling properly. A clean recycling stream is a more attractive product for any future company to bid on," states Rademacher.Information and links are on the town website,, which includes the Recyclopedia search tool for more information on items that can and can’t be recycled, and why.

Dec. 9, 2019: Recycling in Arlington: What happens to that mess in your blue bin?

This news announcement, which includes opinion, was published Monday, Oct. 19, 2020.

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